The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an idiopathic disease involving an immune reaction of the body to its own intestinal tract. IBD comprised of 2 major disorders which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. These disorders have both distinct and overlapping pathologic and clinical characteristics.

What is Ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes ulcers in the lining of rectum and colon. Ulcers from where inflammation has killed the cells that usually line the colon. The disease extends proximally from the anal verge to involve all or part of the colon.

What is Crohn's disease?

Common symptom of Crohn's disease are abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss. Less common symptoms include Poor appetite, Fever, Night sweats, rectal pain and rectal bleeding. Some patients with CD also develop symptoms outside of the gastrointestinal tract;these include Arthritis, Skin rash and inflammation of iris of the eye.

Signs and symptoms of IBD

As the lining of the intestine becomes inflamed and ulcerated, it loses its ability to adequately process food and waste or absorb water, resulting in loose stools (diarrhea), and in severe cases weight loss. Most people with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis experience an urgency to have bowel movement and have abdominal cramps. Inflammation can cause small sores (ulcers) to form in the colon and rectum. These can join together and become large ulcers that bleed, resulting in bloody stools. Blood loss can eventually lead to anemia if unchecked

Ulcerative colitis

Common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include rectal bleeding and diarrhea .Variability of symptoms reflects differences in the extent of disease (the amount of the colon and rectum that are inflamed).Generally patients with inflammation confined to the rectum and short segment of colon adjacent to rectum have milder symptoms and a better prognosis than patient with more wide spread inflammation of colon. Based on the area of inflammation there are 4 types of UC ie, Ulcerative Proctitis, Procto sigmoiditis, Left sided colitis, Pan colitis, Fulminant colitis.

Risk Factors of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

IBD with colon involvement is among the top three high-risk conditions for colorectal cancer. Today, colorectal cancer accounts for approximately 10–15% of all deaths among IBD patients. Indeed, patients with IBD colitis are six times more likely to develop colorectal cancer than the general population and have a higher frequency of multiple synchronous colorectal cancers.

Diagnosis and Lab investigations


Due to the nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms of Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, several other diagnoses must be considered before establishing a diagnosis of Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, particularly in the absence of typical endoscopic findings and in populations at higher risk for other diagnoses. Presentations may include increased c-reactive protein, ESR level, Platelet count, decreased Hemoglobin levels.


Testing is extremely important to determine the stage of the disease and in selection of appropriate treatment options. Testing can include laboratory tests, Endoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy, Radiography, Biopsy and Barium enema.

Laboratory tests:

Ayurveda Treatments for ulcerative colitis and Cohn's disease

Ayurveda Concept

In Ayurveda literature Vatika grahani, Rakta and Pithathisara are related to this condition. The root cause of all the disease lies within the process of digestion, when the digestive system is working at its optimum supported by correct lifestyle and correct quantity and quality of food as per individual prakruti the food ingested is broken down in to the constituents that nourish the tissues and supports our everyday function.

The seat of Agni is known as grahani. The relation between Grahani and agni is similar to relation between structure and function. When the digestive fire which burns within our stomach is affected by incorrect lifestyle and eating habits leads to production of food toxins (Ama visha). Aama gets stuck in the villi of the intestine to form a thick coating. This ama and increased heat in the abdomen causes vitiation of Kapha, resulting in the loss of snigdhatha (Oiliness and mucous secretion) of intestines. Mucous thus eliminated will be present in the stool. Gradually loss of properties of Kapha leads to aggravation of Pitta. This initiate inflammatory changes and ulcerations. These changes result in bloody diarrhea. Long term advancement of the situation cause structural changes of intestinal walls leading to failure of absorption mechanism. Failure of absorption and impaired intestinal movement cause weakness, diarrhea, tiredness, weight loss, anemia etc.

Ayurveda treatment aims to heal the ulcers, digest ama, remove toxins and balance the doshas in the body and boost immune system to control such troubling condition.


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